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What is a results framework?

A results framework, sometimes also known as a results chain, is a visual representation of the flow of changes that you intend to deliver through your program in order to achieve your overall program goal. It is usually displayed in a box-and-arrow tree diagram with different levels, each level representing a distinct change or result achieved through your program intervention.

The results specified typically comprise of intermediate ‘outcomes’ and ‘outputs’ that lead to long-term objectives, often referred to as ‘impacts’.

Some of the benefits of using a results framework:

  • It helps to focus on specific outcomes;
  • It highlights the key linkages in the theory of change that underpin the intervention;
  • It helps establish an evidence-based approach to monitoring and evaluation;
  • It helps measure progress toward strategic objectives;
  • It helps achieve strategic objectives.
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